August 22, 2014

The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams – Appendix Two

Published as Appendix 2 of The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams: Volume 1. Overview. Wadebridge Ecological Centre, Worthyvale Manor Camelford, Cornwall PL32 9TT, UK, 1984. By Edward Goldsmith and Nicholas Hildyard.

Total Distribution of Saline and Alkaline Lands by Country
(Areas in 1000 hectares, based on Soil Map of the World at 1:5 million)

Country Total   Country Total
North America   South Asia  
Canada 7,238   Afghanistan 3,101
Mexico 1,649   Bangladesh 3,017
USA 8,517   Burma 634
      India 23,796
Central America and Caribbean   Iran 27,085
Cuba 316   Iraq 6,726
      Israel 28
South America   Jordan 180
Argentina 85,612   Kuwait 209
Bolivia 5,949   Muscat and Oman 290
Brazil 4,503   Pakistan 10,456
Chile 8,642   Qatar 225
Colombia 907   Sarawak 1,538
Ecuador 387   Saudi Arabia 6,002
Paraguay 21,902   Sri Lanka 200
Peru 21   Syria 532
Venezuela 1,240   Trucial States 1,089
 
Africa   North and Central Asia
Afars and Issas Territory 1,741   China 36,658
Algeria 3,150   Mongolia 4,070
Angola 526   USSR 170,720
Botswana 5,679      
Chad 8,267   South East Asia
Cameroon 671   Indonesia 13,213
Egypt 7,360   Khmer Republic 1,291
Ethiopia 11,033   Malaysia 3,040
Gambia 150   Thailand 1,456
Ghana 318   Viet Nam D.R. 39
Guinea 525   Viet Nam R. 944
Kenya Liberia 4,858 362      
Libya 2,457   Australasia
Madagascar 1,324   Australia 357,340
Mali 2,770   Fiji 90
Mauritania 640   Solomon Islands 238
Morocco 1,148      
Niger 1,489   Europe  
Nigeria 6,502   Bulgaria Not
Portuguese Guinea 194   Czechoslovakia registered
Rhodesia 26   France but
Senegal 765   Hungary frequently
Sierra Leone 307   Italy observed
Somalia 5,602   Spain  
South West Africa 2,313   Turkey  
Sudan 4,874   Yugoslavia  
Tanzania 3,537      
Tunisia 990      
Zaire 53      
Zambia 863      

Source: V A. Kooda, World Soil Map.

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