October 23, 2017


Does development create or mitigate poverty?

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Does economic development reduce or increase poverty? Does it benefit the countries of the Third World or the corporations of the West? Is it irreconcilable with finite natural resources? Or would its opponents simply condemn billions to lives that are nasty, brutal and short? Clare Short and Teddy Goldsmith discuss. Teddy Goldsmith is the founder […]

Reflection on the 2002 Johannesburg Summit

Logo - UN World Summit on Sustainable Development - Johannesburg 2002

The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) was held in Johannesburg from 26 August to 4 September 2002, the tenth anniversary of the Rio Earth Summit. This critique, written in advance of the Summit, shows that even in the unlikely event of ‘success’, the exploitation and destruction of peoples and ecosystems would continue unimpeded. Goldsmith […]

Development always brings more poverty

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Published in Open Forum, Humanitarian Affairs Review, spring 2002. Edward Goldsmith, editor of The Ecologist and co-author of The Case Against the Global Economy strongly disagrees with Keith Marsden’s article in the Autumn issue of Humanitarian Affairs Review. In his article, Keith Marsden challenged many of the claims of anti-globalisation demonstrators. Goldsmith argues here that […]

Can the Bretton Wood institutions stamp out poverty?

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This important article was completed around 21 March 2002. We have no record of its publication so it is presumed unpublished. For the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Trade Organization (WTO)—i.e. the Bretton Woods Institutions—the maximiz­ation of world trade and the economic development that this promotes is the key to […]

Why development creates poverty

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Development, writes Edward Goldsmith, “is above all the gradual disembedding from their social context of all such functions that were previously provided for free, their monetization and takeover by the state and the corporations . . .” The certain outcome: wealth for the few, poverty for the many. Published in The Ecologist Vol. 32 No. […]

Globalising poverty

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Far from bridging the gap between the rich and the poor, the World Bank, IMF and WTO are in the process of widening it. An editorial for the special supplement The Ecologist Report: Globalising Poverty (Vol 30, No 6). As the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) prepare to hold their joint annual […]

Is the World Bank financing impoverishment and famine?

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  Dear Mr Clausen, As you will remember, a special double issue of The Ecologist (Vol. 15, No. 1/2) contained an open letter to you, in which I accused your organisation, the World Bank, of funding environmentally and socially destructive projects that were seriously contributing to the escalation of poverty, malnutrition and famine throughout the […]

Can prosperity be brought to Fatehpur?

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Article by Edward Goldsmith published in the Ecologist Quarterly No. 2, summer 1978. The Fatehpur area is situated 80 kilometres from Dumka in Bihar, the poorest state in India. A westerner would be struck first of all by the incredible material poverty of its people. Their average per capita income for 1972-3 was approximately 145 […]

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